Flowers



Available flowers include Moschata Rose, Gallic Rose, Damascene Rose, Wichuraiana Rose, Tulips in: Yellow, Purple, Pink, and Orange. Lilies in Yellow, Pink, Orange, White, Purple, White with Fuchsia.






Flowers

COST AND PRODUCTION

Due to the proximity to the United States, Mexico can optimize costs in terms of transport logistics as well as the labor force, flowers being a labor intensive product. Amazingly, the country of Columbia already controls 60% of the American market and Ecuador 18%. At this time Mexico only has a 5% market share of the entire flower market United States. Mexico has an annual production of flowers of about 95,000 tons, the value of the total flour production approximately 5.275 billion pesos, making Mexico the fourth biggest flower producer in the world.


Flowers

Farms and Sales: Our growers have more than 11,000 hectares (27,000 acres) in flowers, 45% of which are grown for the national market and the remaining 55% for exportation. According to the Ministry of agriculture of Mexico, Mexico ranks 17th as an exporter to the United States and Canada flowers. In 2009 Mexican producers sold $63.5 million worth of flowers to that market. The most exported flowers include gladiolus, roses, lilies, carnations, unrooted cuttings and plants in vases and foliage.


Packaging: Packaging of most flowers is done in cold storage at 1°C (33.8 Fahrenheit). Packaging is performed using boxes depending on the type of flour in the customer's needs. A full box of typical flowers weighs around 22 to 24 kg. The number of flowers that fit in the box depends on the length of the stand and type of flour. A typical shipping box measures 100 cm in length and 15 cm in width with a 30.5 cm depth. It may contain 500 hybrid tea roses of various lengths with over 100 flowers. For Cassano's flowers and bouquets, packaging is done in corrugated boxes with the ventilation rate of eight corsages per box.

Size: The classifications of roses are done according to the length of the stamp, and there are small variations in the classification criteria. Roses are classified as follows


Origins and Growing Techniques: The genus of the Rose consists of a known group of thorny shrubs and flowering plants with the leading representatives of the family Rosaceae. The flowers are called roses if they are members of this genus. Mexico ranks 17th in the production of roses with about 900,000 to 1,000,000 of them per year which 65% goes to the domestic market and 35% for export. There are approximately 200 species of roses that are native to the northern hemisphere, although there are a variety of different graphs and/or hybrid populations still growing in the wild. 75 percent of the production is done in the open, especially gladiola, carnation and sunflower; 25 percent in greenhouses and nurseries, particularly Rose bushes and potted plants. In Mexico there are two types of Rose crop fields: greenhouse and covered field. Greenhouse cultivation is carried out enclosed facilities that are prepared for the flowers to resist climate change and low temperatures. These greenhouses have the capabilities to be heated, sprinkler irrigation and the use of soluble fertilizers and maneuvers. Covered field production is at a less temperature and climate controlled basis but with the basic cover in place over the field.

  • EXTRA Quality: 90-80 cm.
  • First Rate Quality: 80-70 cm.
  • Second Rate Quality: 70-60 cm.
  • Third Rate Quality: 60-50 cm.
  • SHORT Quality: 50-40 cm.

Areas of production / Amounts and timing: In Mexico, the states with higher flower production are the States of Mexico and Puebla. Producing municipalities in the state of Mexico are Villa Guerrero, Coatepec de Harinas, Ixtapan de la Sal, Tenango del Valle and Toluca. In the state of Puebla, rose production is highest in the municipalities of San Felipe and Teotlalcingo. Rosa Moschata, Pink Roses: 50,000 packs of 25 roses each monthly with months of peak demand at a 25% higher production rate. Roses: Roses of different colors such as yellow, orange, light pink, white, coral, purple and bicolor. Tulips: 5,000 per 10 tulips each month (April to November). 10,000 per month per 10 tulips each (December to March). Tulips of different colors such as yellow, purple, pink and orange. Lilies: 32,000 monthly packages of Lilies with 10 per package. Lilies of different colors such as yellow, pink, orange, white, purple, pink bicolor and fuchsia. Lifespan of flowers after cutting: Approximately 13 days in optimal conditions. Roses- Desired Characteristics

The main qualities that we look for in the roses for the market are: Stem long and hard: 50 -70 cm. Bright green foliage. Flowers: slow opening, good preservation in vase. Good resistance to diseases. Possibility to be grown at lower temperatures, i.e. winter. Fit for soilless growth (hydroponic). The rose growers of the twentieth century focused on the size and color, producing large, attractive flowers, but with little or no aroma. Many wild roses are "unfashionable" but, by contrast, have a strong sweet fragrance.

Rose flower colors are classified as:

  • Rojas (Reds) (40-60% of demand): First Red, Dallas, Royal Red, Grand Gala, Koba, Red Velvet.
  • Pink (20-40% of demand): Anna, Noblesse, Vivaldi, Sonia, Omega, and Versilia
  • Yellow (increasing): Golden Times, Texas, Starlite, Live
  • White: Virginia, Tineke, Ariana
  • Bicolor: Candia, Simona, Prophyta, The Minuet

Ornamentals: According to official figures, the production of flowers and ornamental plants registered an annual average growth of 13.79 percent over the past nine years, from 37,338 metric tons in 2000 to around 95,000 metric tons in 2013. The ornamental planted area occupies over 21,000 hectares in the states of Mexico, Puebla, Morelos, Michoacán, Jalisco, San Luis Potosi and Baja California, primarily.