The Hass avocado: is an avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin. It was first grown and sold by Southern California mail carrier and amateur horticulturist Rudolph Hass, who also gave it his name. Each variety of avocado has it's own varietal characteristics. For example, Hass Avocados are known as the "year-round avocado" because of their seasonal availability.



Avocados must reach full maturity before they are picked, however, they do not soften on the tree. The tree can actually be used as a storage unit by keeping the fruit on the tree for many months after maturing.

The Hass avocado is a large-sized fruit, (An avocado is a fruit and not a vegetable! It is actually a member of the berry family) oval shaped, with a small to medium sized seed, they range in weight from 5 to 12 ounces . When ripe the skin becomes a dark purplish-black and yields to gentle pressure. When ready to serve, it becomes white-green in the middle part of the inner fruit.


Owing to its taste, size, shelf-life, high growing yield and in some areas, year-round harvesting, the Hass is the most commercially popular avocado worldwide. In the United States it accounts for more than 80% of the avocado crop, 95% of the California crop and is the most widely grown avocado in New Zealand

Hass avocado trees, like some others, may only bear well every other year. After a year with low yield, often because of cold, for which the tree does not have much tolerance, yields may be very high the next year. However, the heavy crop can deplete stored carbohydrates, lowering the following season's yield and this can set the tree into a lifelong alternate bearing pattern. Southern California Hass Avocado groves have good soil and drainage, plentiful sunlight and cool gentle winds from the oceans which help the fruit grow. These conditions hold throughout the year, so there are always fresh harvests of Hass avocados in Southern California

Distinctive for skin that turns from green to purplish-black when ripe, the Hass is the leading variety of California Avocado and has an excellent shelf life.


  • Oval-shape
  • Small to medium seed
  • Easy peeling
  • Great taste.


  • Full range from average to large, 5 to 12 oz


  • Pebbly, thick but pliable skin

Pale green flesh with creamy texture